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Discussion in 'Calculations' started by moneytree1964, Feb 15, 2013.

1. ### moneytree1964New Member

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Hi Folks.

I have a calc which I have carried out on FEA but I need to check by hand.

I have a block which is bolted down using 4 bolts in a line (see below) A load 2174 N is applied to the corner as shown.

What is the load on each bolt ?

Thanks

2.
3. ### D. NaukamMember

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The load will vary for each bolt. To solve bolting groups in general:
1) Find the bolt group centroid
2) Determine directional vectors for each bolt with distance Rn
3) Calculate direct shear load for both the weight and applied load (Fv)
4) Calculate Reaction Moment (M) at the bolt group centroid.
5) Calculate torsional shear force (Fm)
6) vector addition of direct and torsional shear for total shear load

Fv = F/A ; Fm = M*Rn/(Ra^2+Rb^2+Rc^2....)

Ra=distance from group centroid to bolt A
Rb=distance from group centroid to bolt B

Torsional shear will vary for the inner bolts and outer bolts. The further from the bolt group centroid, the less this will be in the diagram you have supplied. Fortunately, all bolts are in a single line making reaction vectors easy to calculate. The vector addition of the torsion and direct shear vectors will result in a different shear stress for each bolt.

As an aside, when doing FEA, it is important to understand the fundamentals. Do a few trials on a simply beam until you trust the software. When you get an answer, you should be able to observe the outputs and determine if the answer generated by the software was acceptable. Stopping and questioning the output once in a while is a good thing. As we have here, comparing the output to hand calculations is very nice to see.

4. ### mvalentiWell-Known Member

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yes, what he said...

5. ### shyamdikshitMember

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[h=1]D. Naukam has correctly explained in detail. Consideration is all bolts are of same size.[/h]

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7. ### PierArgWell-Known Member

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