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  • Holy Grail of Mechanical Design?

    Discussion in 'The Leisure Lounge' started by Paul T, Oct 21, 2012.

    1. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      Here is the principle for my magnetic bearing using electromagnets instead of permanent magnets.

       
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    3. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      Now this is the part I love.

      I’m the invention resurrector!

      You guys are the mechanical engineers. This is where the fun begins!

      So here we have an engine that runs on atmospheric air flowing through a turbine because it has a vacuum applied

      How can an inlet and exhaust port be shaped to naturally make high air pressure flow to low pressure?

      Is that possible?
       
    4. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      Hi folks, one of the methods I discovered whilst on my research travels was printing patents out in A3.

      It allows me to look at them longer without eye strain and I am able to go into a meditative state while reading them.

      The eye strain of A4 makes me lose concentration and get tired quickly.


      Valvular Conduit Patent 1,329,559

      1. Line 76

      Page 1 "Fig 4 is a plan showing the manner in which the invention is, or may be used, to operate a fluid propelled rotary engine or turbine"

      2. Page 2 - All of Line 75 - 84

      3. Page 3 - Line 28 "Fig 4. exemplifies a particularly valuable application of the invention to which reference has been made above. The drawing show in vertical cross section a turbine which may be of any type but is in this instance one invented and described by me"

      4. Page 3 - Line 79 "Its use, however, while advantageous, is not indispensable the suction produced by the turbine rotor itself being, in some cases at least, sufficient to insure proper working. This detail is omitted from the drawing as unessential to the understanding"

      5. Page 3 - Line 96 "Upon the subsidence of the explosion the pressure in the chamber sinks below the atmospheric owing to the pumping action of the rotor or ventilator and new air and gas is permitted to enter, cleaning the cavity and channels and making up a fresh mixture"

      6. Page 3 - Line 105 "After a short lapse of time the chamber becomes heated to such a degree that the ignition may be shut off without disturbing the established regime.

      7. Page 3 - Line 117 "When the chamber is small an auxiliary means for starting, as compressed air, may be resorted to"

      8. Page 4 - Line 12 "provision made for maintaining a vacuum at the exhaust"

      9. Page 4 - Line 31 "I do not claim the methods of and apparatus for the propulsion of fluids and thermodynamic transformation of energy herein disclosed, as these will be made subjects of separate applications"


      I've got some more to add to this but here is my rough list for this patent.

      Cheers,

      Paul
       
    5. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      Tesla's New Monarch of Machines​

      by Nikola Tesla


      "Tesla's New Monarch of Machines"

      TESLA ENGINE BOOK

      http://www.tuks.nl/Mirror/frankgermano_net/teslaturbine.htm


      New York Herald

      Oct. 15, 1911


      Suppose some one should discover a new mechanical principle--something as fundamental as James Watt—s discovery of the expansive power of steam—by the use of which it became possible to build a motor that would give ten horse power for every pound of the engine—s weight, a motor so simple that the veriest novice in mechanics could construct it and so elemental that it could not possibly get out of repair. Then suppose that this motor could be run forward or backward at will, that it could be used as either an engine or a pump, that it cost almost nothing to build as compared with any other known form of engine, that it utilized a larger percentage of the available power than any existing machine, and, finally, that it would operate with gas, steam, compressed air or water, any one of them, as its driving power.


      It does not take a mechanical expert to imagine the limitless possibilities of such an engine. It takes very little effort to conjure up a picture of a new world of industry and transportation made possible by the invention of such a device. —Revolutionary— seems a mild term to apply to it. That, however, is the word the inventor uses in describing it—Nikola Tesla, the scientist whose electrical discoveries underlie all modern electrical power development, whose experiments and deductions made the wireless telegraph possible, and who now, in the mechanical field, has achieved a triumph even more far reaching than anything he accomplished in electricity.


      There is something of the romantic in this discovery of the famous explorer of the hidden realms of knowledge. The pursuit of an ideal is always romantic, and it was in the pursuit of an ideal which he has been seeking twenty years that Dr. Tesla made his great discovery. That ideal is the power to fly—to fly with certainty and absolute safety—not merely to go up in an aeroplane and take chances on weather conditions, —holes in the air,— tornadoes, lightning and the thousand other perils the aviator of today faces, but to fly with the speed and certainty of a cannon ball, with power to overcome any of nature—s aerial forces, to start when one pleases, go whither one pleases and alight where one pleases. That has been the aim of Dr. Tesla—s life for nearly a quarter of a century. He believes that with the discovery of the principle of his new motor he has solved this problem and that incidentally he has laid the foundations for the most startling new achievements in other mechanical lines.


      There was a time when men of science were skeptical—a time when they ridiculed the announcement of revolutionary discoveries. Those were the days when Nikola Tesla, the young scientist from the Balkans, was laughed at when he urged his theories on the engineering world. Times have changed since then, and the —practical— engineer is not so incredulous about —scientific— discoveries.


      The change came about when young Tesla showed the way by which the power of Niagara Falls could be utilized. The right to divert a portion of the waters of Niagara had been granted; then arose the question of how best to utilize the tremendous power thus made available—how to transmit it to the points where it could be commercially utilized. An international commission sat in London and listened to theories and practical plans for months.


      Up to that time the only means of utilizing electric power was the direct current motor, and direct current dynamos big enough to be of practical utility for such a gigantic power development were not feasible.


      Then came the announcement of young Tesla—s discovery of the principle of the alternating current motor. Practical tests showed that it could be built—that it would work.


      That discovery, at that opportune time, decided the commission. Electricity was determined upon as the means for the transmission of Niagara—s power to industry and commerce. Today a million horse power is developed on the brink of the great cataract, turning the wheels of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and the intervening cities and villages operating close at hand the great new electro-chemical industries that the existence of this immense source of power has made possible, while all around the world a thousand waterfalls are working in the service of mankind, sending the power of their —white coal— into remote and almost inaccessible corners of the globe, all because of Nikola Teslas first great epoch making discovery.


      Today the engineering world listens respectfully when Dr. Tesla speaks. The first announcement of the discovery of his new mechanical principle was made in a technical periodical in mid-September, 1911. Immediately it became the principal topic of discussions wherever engineers met.


      —It is the greatest invention in a century,— wrote one of the foremost American engineers, a man whose name stands close to the top of the list of those who have achieved scientific fame and greatness.


      —No invention of such importance in the automobile trade has yet been made,— declared the editor of one of the leading engineering publications. Experts in other engineering lines pointed out other applications of the new principle and letters asking for further information poured in on Dr. Tesla from the four quarters of the globe.


      —Oh, I've had too much publicity,— he said, when I telephoned to him to ask for an interview in order to explain his new discovery to the non-technical public. It took a good deal of persuasion before he reluctantly fixed an hour when he would see me, and a good bit more after that before he talked at all freely. When he did speak, however, he opened up vistas of possible applications of the new engine that staggered the imagination of the interviewer.


      Looking out over the city from the windows of his office, on the twentieth floor of the Metropolitan Tower, his face lit up as he told of his life dream and its approaching realization, and the listener—s fancy could almost see the air full of strange flying craft, while huge steamships propelled at unheard of speeds ploughed the waters of the North River, automobiles climbed the very face of the Palisades, locomotives of incredible power whisked wheeled palaces many miles a minute and all the discomforts of summer heat vanished as marvelous refrigerating plants reduced the temperature of the whole city to a comfortable maximum—for these were only a few of the suggestions of the limitless possibilities of the latest Tesla discovery.


      —Just what is your new invention?— I asked.


      —I have accomplished what mechanical engineers have been dreaming about ever since the invention of steam power,— replied Dr. Tesla. —That is the perfect rotary engine. It happens that I have also produced an engine which will give at least twenty-five times as much power to a pound of weight as the lightest weight engine of any kind that has yet been produced.


      —In doing this I have made use of two properties which have always been known to be possessed by all fluids, but which have not heretofore been utilized. These properties are adhesion and viscosity.


      —Put a drop of water on a metal plate. The drop will roll off, but a certain amount of the water will remain on the plate until it evaporates or is removed by some absorptive means. The metal does not absorb any of the water, but the water adheres to it.


      —The drop of water may change its shape, but until its particles are separated by some external power it remains intact. This tendency of all fluids to resist molecular separation is viscosity. It is especially noticeable in the heavier oils.


      —It is these properties of adhesion and viscosity that cause the —skin friction— that impedes a ship in its progress through the water or an aeroplane in going through the air. All fluids have these qualities—and you must keep in mind that air is a fluid, all gases are fluids, steam is fluid. Every known means of transmitting or developing mechanical power is through a fluid medium.


      —Now, suppose we make this metal plate that I have spoken of circular in shape and mount it at its centre on a shaft so that it can be revolved. Apply power to rotate the shaft and what happens? Why, whatever fluid the disk happens to be revolving in is agitated and dragged along in the direction of rotation, because the fluid tends to adhere to the disk and the viscosity causes the motion given to the adhering particles of the fluid to be transmitted to the whole mass. Here, I can show you better than tell you.—
       
    6. Erich

      Erich Well-Known Member

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      Air will naturally flow from areas of high pressure towards low pressure. Wind is one example. Shaping the passages, can increase or decrease the loss of pressure due to friction. But the flow that occurs will be caused by the difference in pressure.

      The question is "How is the vacuum created?"
       
    7. tmark938

      tmark938 Moderator EngineeringClicks Expert

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      Fascinating! Have you got financial backing for your project?
       
    8. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      I've got two engineering companies working with me at cost. One cuts the armour plating for Jaguar / Land Rover and has a water jet cutter that will do 200mm thick. The other a number of 4 axis milling machines and decent lathes.

      I've discovered a number of genuine Tesla turbine photographs.

      [​IMG]

      [​IMG]

      [​IMG]

      [​IMG]

      Every US patent from 103 onwards is related to the turbine.

      [​IMG]

      Every British patent from 68 onwards is related to the turbine.

      [​IMG]


      Tesla was very clearly trying to tell us something!!!

      "What I was working on twenty years ago was the wireless transmission of electric power. My idea was a flying machine propelled by an electric motor, with power supplied from stations on the earth. I have not accomplished this as yet, but am confident that I will in time. When I found that I had been anticipated as to the flying machine, by men working in a different field I began to study the problem from other angles, to regard it as a mechanical rather than an electrical problem. I felt certain there must be some means of obtaining power that was better than any now in use, and by vigorous use of my gray matter for a number of years I grasped the possibilities of the principle of the viscosity and adhesion of fluids and conceived the mechanism of my engine.”

      I have been through all these patents and followed the clues. Tesla left a breadcrumb trail to unleash his trojan horse on the establishment.

      The ultimate rotary air engine. He called it "The Monarch of Machines"

      I have attached a technical drawing to explain what is widely misunderstood about Tesla's invention.

      I drew this using Tesla's own drawings from his patent.

      The air valve is the key for this turbine to be able to suck air in and not let the tornado in a box go anywhere but out the exhaust.

      Its a dual stage machine if you want torque.

      It's no coincidence that if you flip the drawing of the "Fluid Propulsion" patent and the "Turbine" patent they actually fit together. They are both turbines. One has close gap rotors (high speed), one has wide gap rotors (high torque)

      [​IMG]

      It also featured air bearings!

       
      Last edited: Nov 27, 2018
    9. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      There are four methods to start the engine.

      1. Fuel and spark
      2. Manual or motor vacuum pump
      3. High pressure air, fluid, gas or steam
      4. Glow plug (my idea)

       
    10. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      It's long been patented by Tesla, Copyrighted by me and also its Open Source!

      Funding would be very beneficial but at the moment. I have a small pot to do some experiments.

      I am just spending my time collating the research and putting it out there.

      There are loads of people on youtube who have had a go at building a Tesla turbine.

      Little did they know Tesla has 20 patents between US and UK with clues how to build his one stroke air engine design.
       
    11. Paul T

      Paul T Well-Known Member

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      A LIGHTING MACHINE ON NOVEL PRINCIPLES
      - by Nikola Tesla


      A machine built on novel and original lines is about to be placed on the market. It consists of a turbine and electric generator, both employing basically new principles in construction as well as operation, and intimately associated to constitute a unit. The former has been pronounced revolutionary in its design and performance. It is simplicity itself, being devoid of buckets, deflecting blades, guide passages, vanes and the like, and presents many other decisive advantages over the ordinary prime mover.

      In the first place there is no windage, which is the cause of a most serious loss of power in bucket turbines, often amounting to a large percentage of the integral mechanical effort. What is still more important, the new turbine is capable of taking up the whole velocity of the motive fluid in one continuous process, thus saving the expense and avoiding the complication incident to "staging". Furthermore, it has the precious quality of transforming into useful work frictional energy irretrievably spent in other heat motors.

      The corrosion and erosion of buckets and vanes in the present turbines is the cause of another great and irremediable waste of energy, the water rate frequently increasing 30% to 40% after but a few months of use. No such hurtful actions exist in the new turbine, and if they did, they would not impair the performance to any appreciable degree. Again, the former are subject to considerable loss owing to unpreventable wear and deterioration of the nozzles. It is essential that the high velocity streams of fluid issuing from them be directed upon the curved blades with great precision, as a failure of this is fatal to good results. To such an extent is this the case that even a slight roughening of the polished surfaces will reduce the useful energy as much as 25%. The new turbine is entirely free from this defect. However the nozzle may be used up, the fluid is made to flow through the wheel smoothly and evenly in natural stream lines, transmitting power to the same with undiminished efficiency. Another feature of superiority is found in its adaptability to high temperatures far beyond those practicable in bucket turbines. For every hundred degrees of increase in temperature, the steam consumption is reduced from 10% to 12%. Great economies are thus made possible by the use of the new prime mover.

      In every turbine the device regulating the speed of rotation and controlling the admission of the working fluid to the nozzles is of vital importance. With scarcely an exception it is of the centrifugal type driven from the shaft in some or other way and constituting an assemblage of gears, flying weights, links, levers, sleeves, thrust bearings and other parts. It is an apparatus complex and delicate, expensive to construct and easily deranged, often with disastrous consequences. All this has been done away in the new turbine which is controlled in a novel and striking manner. The regulator is elementary in its construction, positive and unfailing in its action, and yet so sensitive as to respond to variations of load amounting to less than 1% of the normal. This simple device is rendered still more valuable by the fact that it adjusts itself instantaneously to pressure changes so that the effects of these on the lamps are inappreciable. To illustrate, the steam gauge on the boiler may indicate fluctuations from 100 to 200 pounds or more and following each other however rapidly without the slightest observable change in the intensity of the light. This remarkable action of the device is independent of its function as regulator of speed.

      Another advantage deserving the most careful consideration of the user is the perfect safety of the new turbine. There is an ever present danger in a machine of the old type, that the wheel might burst and destroy life and property. Such a deplorable accident is absolutely impossible with the new turbine rotor, composed of thin discs which expand slightly and come to rest, invariably without damage, as has been shown in exhaustive experiments.

      The one feature, however, which has most amazed experts, is the extraordinary power of this form of prime mover. Owing to the great effectiveness of the underlying principle and peculiar construction, ten times more power can be produced than with any other machine known. For example, a rotor of 9" in diameter, weighing less than 20 pounds, can readily develop 200 brake horsepower, and this is by no means the limit of performance.

      But the merits of this lighting outfit do not rest on the turbine alone. The dynamo associated with the same is perhaps equally noteworthy by its simplicity of construction, high efficiency and rare and valuable properties it possesses. It consists of a smooth cylindrical body mounted on the turbine shaft and arranged to rotate within a magnetic field of novel forma There is no brush or sliding contact whatever, the current being taken from stationary terminals to which the ends of the generating coils are connected. By employing the best materials and workmanship and resorting to artifices of design, a most economical electrical generator is produced, the efficiency being over 90% even in machines of very small size having rotors of not more than 2 1/2" in diameter. This generator possesses extraordinary qualities, especially desirable in electric lighting. It is capable of furnishing a current constant within a minute fraction of 1% through a very wide range of speed variation, and as such is ideally suited for running arc lamps or kindred electrical devices in series. More surprising still and also of greater commercial import is its capability of maintaining a constant potential. Such results as are obtainable with it are wholly impossible with other types of electrical generators. It has been found in practice that all lamps but one can be turned off suddenly without the slightest perceptible flicker and even without any observable effect on the needle of a delicate instrument indicating the voltage.

      That an apparatus of such simplicity and presenting so many salient advantages should find an extensive use in electric lighting might be naturally expected, but its overwhelming superiority will be better appreciated when it is stated that it occupies hardly more than one-tenth of the space of apparatus of the usual forms and weighs less in proportion. A machine capable of developing 1-kilowatt, for instance, goes into a space of 8 x 8 x 10" and weighs but 40 pounds. It takes not more than one-third of the steam consumed in other turbo-generators of that size.

      The guiding idea in the development of this new machine was to evolve a mechanism approximating a static transformer of energy in simplicity, efficiency and reliability of operation. Every detail has been worked out with this object in view. There is no exciter, no commutator, brush or sliding contact whatever, no centrifugal regulator, voltage controller or any such complicated and hazardous device. The machine consists of but a stationary solid frame and two smooth cylindrical steel bodies mounted on a strong shaft arranged to rotate in bearings virtually frictionless. No oiling is required, although a small quantity of lubricant is provided rather as a precaution than necessity. A perfect dynamic balance is secured in a novel manner and insures a steady and quiet running without tremor and vibration. The whole apparatus can be boxed up and depended upon to operate uninterruptedly through long periods of time. The outfit can be constructed in various sizes up to 100-kilowatt or more, and should meet more satisfactorily than any yet devised the varied requirements of electric lighting on railroads, boats, in public buildings, factories and mines, and may also be advantageously utilized in connection with existing plants for replacing belt driven dynamos and storage batteries, and relieving larger engines through the night and hours of small load.
       

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