Manufacturing Processes

Manufacturing Process Selection for Your Product

Moulding, casting and forming

Blow Moulding
Calendaring
Centrifugal Casting
Compression Moulding
Cold Rolling
Die Casting
Electroforming
Evaporative Pattern Casting
Expanded Foam Moulding
Extrusion (metals)
Extrusion (polymers)
Forging (metals)
Forging (polymers)
Green Sand Casting
Hydroforming
Injection Moulding
Investment Casting
Polymer Casting
Pressure Forming
Reaction Injection Molding (RIM)
Roll Forming
Rolling
Rotational Moulding / Rotomolding
Sand Casting
Swaging
Thermoforming
Transfer moulding
Vacuum forming
Electron Beam Melting (EBM)

Composite moulding/forming

Automatic Layup
Compression Moulding
Manual Layup
Resin Transfer
Composite Spraying

Welding processes

Explosive Welding
Friction Welding
Friction Stir Welding (FSW)
Gas Metal Arc (MIG)
Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG)
Laser Beam Welding (LBW)
Manual metal Arc (MMA)
Oxyacetylene Welding
Plasma Arc Welding (PAC)
Polymer Welding
Resistance Welding
Soldering
Spot Welding
Submerged Arc Welding
Thermit Welding
Ultrasonic Welding
Underwater Welding

Other joining processes

A Mechanical Designer’s Quick Guide to Adhesives
How to Select an appropriate joining method

Machining processes (traditional)

Cutting processes – tolerance and surface roughness

Barrel Finishing
Boring
Broaching
Burnishing
Drilling

Reaming
Grinding
Hobbing (Gear Cutting)
Honing
Lapping
Micromachining
Milling
Milling (CNC) – Design guide for CNC Milling
Turning (CNC)

Centreless grinding
Bandsawing
Circular sawing

Machining processes (non-traditional)

Abrasive Flow Machining (AFM)
Abrasive Jet Machining (AJM)
Abrasive Water jet cutting
Chemical machining (CM)
Drilling
Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM)
Electrical Discharge Wire Cutting (EDWC) / Wire EDM (WEDM)

Electrochemical Grinding (ECG)
Electrochemical Honing (ECH)
Electrochemical Machining (ECM)
Electro-chemical machining (ECM)
Electrochemical Turning (ECT)
Electro-discharge machining (EDM)
Electron Beam Machining (EBM)
Hot Wire Cutting
Ion Beam Milling (IBM)
Laser Beam Machining (LBM) / Laser Cutting (LC)
Oxyfuel gas cutting (OFG)
Photochemical Machining (PCM)
Plasma Arc Cutting (PAC) / Oxy Fuel Cutting (OFC)
Plasma Arc Machining (PAM)
Ultrasonic machining (USM)
Water Jet Cutting (WJC)
Water Jet Machining

Sheet metal processes

Punching/stamping
Sheet metal fabrication
Deep Drawing
Electromagnetic Forming
Explosive Forming
Micro-blanking
Press Forming
Roll Forming
Spinning
Stamping
Superplastic Forming

Surface finishing / treatment processes

Air Spray Coating
Anodizing
Belt Polishing
Chromate Conversion Coating
Chromating and phosphating
Cladding
Cold Spraying
Conversion Coating
CVD processing
Detonation Spraying
Diamond Coating
Electroplating
Electropolishing
Etching
Flame Spraying
Galvanizing
Grinding
Heat treatments
High Velocity Oxy Fuel (HVOF) Spraying
Hot dip coatings
Immersion plating
In mould decoration
Lacquering
Laser peening
Mechanical polishing & burnishing
Metallizing
Micropolishing
Oxide Coating
Painting and printing
Phosphate Conversion Coating
Plasma Spraying
Polishing
Polyurethane Coating
Porcelain Enamelling
Powder Coating
PVD plating
PVD sputtering
Resin Coating
Shot Blasting / Shot Peening
Teflon Coating
Texturing
Thermal Spraying / Metalising
Vacuum Deposition
Warm Spraying
Wire Arc Spraying
Zinc Chromate

Powder processes

Die Pressing & Sintering
Isostatic Pressing
Powder Injection Mouding
Powder Metal Forging
Powder Rolling
Repressing
Slip Casting
Tape Casting
Hot Pressing
Powder Extrusion
Pressureless Sintering
Spark Sintering
Spray Deposition

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